Bibliography: Additional Resources

AP Stylebook editors refer to the following resources to help guide style decisions. If you do not find your answer in the Stylebook, try checking one of these other sources. You can buy them for yourself using the links below.

First reference for spelling, style, usage and foreign geographic names:

Webster's New World College Dictionary, Fifth Edition

Other references for spelling, style, usage and foreign geographic names:

American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition

Concise Oxford English Dictionary: Main edition 12th edition by Oxford Dictionaries (2011) Hardcover

Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language

National Geographic Atlas of the World, Tenth Edition

For aircraft names:

Jane's All the World's Aircraft (IHS Jane's All the World's Aircraft)

For military ships:

Jane's Fighting Ships 2015 2016: Yearbook

For nonmilitary ships:


For railroads:

The Official Railway Guide: Freight Service Edition,The Bulk Connection March/April 1990

For federal government questions:

Congress At Your Fingertips 114th Congress, 2nd Session 2016

For non-U.S. government questions:

Political Handbook of the World

The CIA World Factbook 2016

For religion questions:

Handbook of Denominations in the United States 13th Edition

World Christian Encyclopedia Second Edition Volume 2

Yearbook of American & Canadian Churches 2012

Other references and writing guides consulted in the preparation of the AP Stylebook:

The Careful Writer

More Language That Needs Watching

Watch Your Language

THE WORD: An Associated Press Guide To Good News Writing

Modern American Usage: A Guide

A Dictionary of Modern English Usage, 2nd, Second Edition

Fowler's Dictionary of Modern English Usage

The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition

Harper Dictionary of Contemporary Usage

Newton's Telecom Dictionary

Dictionary of Problem Words and Expressions

Words into Type

The Elements of Style, Fourth Edition